What is an annuity quote?

Written by Hersh Stern Updated Thursday, February 5, 2015

annuity quotes

It can be confusing to try to make sense of the different annuity quotes you find on the internet. Partially, that’s because there are at least six (6) different types of annuities. You’ll need to understand how each type works before you can intelligently compare annuity quotes across groups. Even within each category there are additional bells and whistles which distinguish the products offered by competing insurance companies. This makes it almost impossible to compare annuity quotes from different companies across different types of annuities. So what can you do about this problem?

A good place to start would be to acquaint yourself with at least the basic elements of each of the six annuity types. Then you won't mistakenly compare apples and oranges. You will be able to narrow down the type of annuity quote that is most helpful in guiding you to meet your financial goals. This article provides a general overview of the six main categories of annuities, how they work, and how to interpret the quotes which illustrate their performance.

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Lastly, please keep in mind that the some of the annuity types mentioned in this article also have both a "fixed" and a "variable" version. Knowing which version you're comparing may help eliminate some of the confusion.

1. Immediate Annuity Quotes ("Fixed" Version)

With a fixed immediate annuity you can set up a steady income stream that you will never outlive no matter what happens to interest rates or the stock market. The payments can be made for your lifetime, for both you and your spouse's lifetimes, for a limited period of time, or for any combination thereof. Payments can be made to your beneficiaries upon your death if that occurred before the guaranteed period of the annuity expired. You can schedule your income to be received monthly, quarterly, or annually.

An immediate annuity purchase typically is irrevocable. When calculating an immediate annuity quote the insurance company actuaries consider your age and gender. The older you are, the higher your annuity income will be. Immediate annuity quotes are unlike other annuity quotes in that the insurance company typically does not disclose the interest rate used in its calculations.

2. Deferred Income Annuity Quotes

A deferred-income annuity (sometimes called a longevity annuity) combines the features of the above two annuities: immediate annuities and deferred annuities. A deferred income annuity has both a growth period and an income distribution period. Essentially, with a deferred income annuity quote, you are shown the amount of income to be received at a future date. Purchasing a deferred income annuity contract usually defers income anywhere between three to thirty years from the time of purchase.

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I bought two annuities this year and was extremely satisfied with the service from Immediate Annuities.com each time. In short, their staff was courteous, professional, and prompt. I would recommend them to anyone who wants to buy an annuity.
Christine Newson
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If you die before the deferral period before income starts, some contracts provide a type of death benefit to beneficiaries. Others don't. Once income withdrawals begin the same beneficiary options which are available in an immediate annuity are often available with the longevity annuity.

A longevity annuity quote is very similar to an immediate annuity quote. The quote outlines the deferral period, the income option you've chosen, and the amount of fixed monthly (or annual) income you will receive once the payments begin.

3. Deferred Annuity Quotes ("Fixed" Version)

A deferrred annuity is an interest-bearing account similar in many ways to a bank certificate of deposit but not protected by FDIC. Deferred annuities are "manufactured" by insurance companies, not banks. You would typically review a list of deferred annuity quotes if you were interested in purchasing a growth product with a safe, guaranteed annual interest rate.

The number of years for which you can lock in an initial interest rate depends on whether you buy a "multiyear" deferred annuity or a "traditional" fixed interest deferred annuity. With a multiyear annuity you can choose from maturities that range from three to ten years. The interest rate stays in force for the whole period. With a traditional deferred annuity there is a first year interest rate guarantee but the rate in subsequent years is set by the insurance company at its discretion, so long as the future interest rate remains at least above the annuity's so-called floor rate or minimum guaranteed rate.

Today's Best
Multi Year Annuities

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Deferred Annuity table
Company / Product Rate Yrs.
Sentinel Security LifePersonal Choice Annuity 103.65%10
Guggenheim LifePreserve MYGA 9 Annuity3.20%9
Guggenheim LifePreserve MYGA 8 Annuity3.10%8
Delaware LifePinnacle MYGA 72.95%7
Guggenheim LifePreserve MYGA 6 Annuity2.90%6
Sentinel Security LifePersonal Choice Annuity 53.15%5
Delaware LifePinnacle MYGA 31.60%3

This is a table illustrating today's top interest rates for deferred annuities. The table lists the name of the insurance company, annual effective yield, and the number of years for which the yields are guaranteed. To learn more about deferred annuities click any line in the chart or call 800-872-6684 for quick answers.

What is usually shown on the internet for a deferred annuity quote is its current interest rate. Generally, the interest rate quoted is higher if you choose a longer growth period. If you should die during the growth period, your account values typically are payable to your beneficiaries.

If you need to withdraw some money from your deferred annuity before the maturity date, you can with most companies, so long as the dollar amount withdrawn is within your annuity's annual allowable withdrawal percent (usually 3% to 10% of the account value). If you withdraw a greater amount your account is assessed a surrender charge. Some companies also waive these charges in event the account owner is confined to a nursing home or is diagnosed with a terminal illness.

A deferred annuity quote or illustration will usually show the amount accumulated in your account at the end of each contract year. Because these are fixed interest rate products, you know up front what your return will be. A deferred annuity quote may also show the surrender charges per year for early withdrawals. Deferred annuity quotes differ from immediate annuity quotes because the rate of return is shown for the former.

4. Secondary Market Annuity Quotes

Sometimes, the recipient of a monthly annuity payment may decide to sell his present or future income stream if he needs instant cash. Such an annuity is referred to as a Secondary Market Annuity (SMA), where a contractual future cash flow is being sold by its owners in exchange for a lump sum today.

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I bought two annuities this year and was extremely satisfied with the service from Immediate Annuities.com each time. In short, their staff was courteous, professional, and prompt. I would recommend them to anyone who wants to buy an annuity.
Christine Newson
Read 200+ verified reviews

There are elements of secondary market annuities which are similar to immediate annuities, for example, when the purchased income stream begins immediately. There are also secondary market annuities which are similar to Longevity annuities, for example, when there is a delay in the income start date for five or ten years.

Secondary market annuity quotes consist of a rate of return, the company the annuity was purchased through, the cost to you, the start date of the payments, and the ultimate amount those payments will be based on. In the chart below is a list of currently available secondary market annuities, showing their rate, start date and purchase price. By clicking on the chart below, you will see the full range of products offered.

5. Fixed Index Annuity Quotes

A fixed index annuity is a growth annuity which is tied to a particular stock index. This is subject to a rate floor and a rate cap. The floor makes sure that no matter how badly the index does in a particular year, you will never suffer a negative return. In other words, even if the S&P dropped 50% your account balance would not show a loss. Your cost for this protection is that the insurance company only passes through to you a percentage of the possible gains in an up year. So a rate cap or participation rate cap, only allows your account to increase up to a certain point, usually between 3% and 7%. Rate caps and participation rates can also be reset each year by the insurance company. All index annuity earnings are tax deferred.

Today's Best
Index Annuities

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Fixed Index Annuity table
Company / Product Bonus Cap Rate Yrs.
EquiTrustMarketTwelve Annuity12%3.00%14
Midland NationalCapstone 14 Annuity8%3.10%14
Midland NationalSelect 14 AnnuityN/A8.05%14
SymetraSymetra Edge Pro 7N/A4.50%7
Great AmericanAmerican Legend IIIN/A4.25%7
GenworthSecureLiving Index 7N/A4.20%7
GenworthSecureLiving Index 5N/A4.20%5

This is a table illustrating today's top interest rates for fixed index annuities. The table lists the name of the insurance company, years that surrender charges would apply, and the premium bonus, if any. To learn more about deferred annuities click any line in the chart or call 800-872-6684 for quick answers.

A fixed index annuity quote consists of several hypothetical situations. The illustration may show you by how much your account would have grown between 1995 and today if you have started back then. Again, the market-related performance of your fixed annuity is not guaranteed. This differs from fixed immediate and fixed deferred annuity quotes as those are always guaranteed. On the index annuity quote, you usually will be able to see what the value of your annuity would be if the index performs at its lowest levels, continues at its current levels, and how it has historically performed. A fixed index annuity quote may also include the surrender charges per year if you wanted to withdrawal from the contract before the maturity date.

6. Variable Annuity Quotes

A variable annuity is similar to a fixed index annuity, however, the biggest difference is that your account can drop way below the amount you started with in a variable annuity if the stock market collapses. Instead of being tied to an index, the performance of a variable annuity is tied to particular subaccounts which are tied to various mutual funds. It works similarly to a mutual fund but has certain tax-deferral advantages. You choose subaccounts in which you'd like to invest your premium, and your growth or losses are dependent on how well those funds perform. At the end of each year, maintenance fees and mortality charges are applied, and the account receives the difference between the amount earned and those fees. For instance, if your gain is 5% and the fees amount to 3%, then the growth applied will be 2%.

Variable annuity quotes are similar to fixed index quotes. Illustrations may show you hypothetical performance based on historical market movement. Variable annuity quotes differ from immediate and deferred annuity quotes in the same way as fixed index quotes do, by not showing you a guaranteed rate or amount. These quotes reflect the hypothetical performance of the subaccounts you choose.

Comments (2)

  1. John Hunter:
    Nov 06, 2014 at 12:36 PM

    Can you update the quotes you sent me yesterday with a 15 year period certain payout based on 100k?

    John

  2. Hersh Stern:
    Nov 06, 2014 at 12:39 PM

    Hi Bill-

    I am responding to your request for updated quotes for a “15 year period certain payout” with two sets of numbers because the phrase “15 year period certain payout” can be interpreted in two different ways. I wanted to be sure you knew the difference between them.

    When you initially requested quotes at our website, you checked the box for a Single Life annuity with 15 Years Certain. That’s the type I previously sent you quotes for. A life with 15 years annuity provides the following benefit:

    You receive income for as long as you are living, even after the 15 year period ends. If you should die before the end of the 15 years, payments continue to your beneficiaries until the end of the 15th year. Payments stop only upon your death after the end of the 15th year.

    There is a second type of 15 year immediate annuity which DOES NOT pay for your lifetime. It is called a “15 Year Period Certain” annuity (your exact wording) which has the following definition:

    You receive income only for 15 years. If you should die before the end of the 15 years, payments continue to your beneficiaries until the end of the 15th year.

    But if you live longer than the 15 years you will not receive further income. This income stream ends exactly at the 15 year mark.

    At age 64 your life expectancy is longer than 15 years. So when you compare quotes for the two types of 15 year annuities you find that the 15 Year Period Certain annuity gives you more income per month than the Single Life annuity with 15 Years Certain would give you. That’s because the insurance company expects to make fewer payments to you in a 15 Year Period Certain annuity than it does if your annuity was set up to pay you for life, even if lived longer than 15 years (which the actuarial tables say you will).

    So to cover all bases, I sent you quotes for both types which you can compare to find the one that is more suitable to your financial goals.

    I hope I’ve made myself clear. Please contact me again if you have any questions about these annuities.

    Sincerely,


    Hersh

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